Pygmy Owl
Pygmy Owl
Common Name: Pygmy Owl
Scientific Name: Glaucidium gnoma OR Glaucidium califoricum
Very small owls, with vary shades of brown feathers, often speckled or dappled.
Please note that this information is taken from the series and may not be factual.
Pygmy Owl (Glaucidium Gnoma, or Glaucidium Californicum) are part of the genus, Glaucidium. Pygmy Owls are quite small, and most of their species are nocturnal, and they mainly hunt large insects and other small prey. Glaucidium Gnoma owls are diurnal, and are active at dawn and dusk.


Physical Description


A Pygmy Owl has feathers of varied shades of brown. There are also few white feathers on them. They have a Yellow beak (or Brown), and bright yellow eyes.


A Pygmy Owl's talons are yellow and hook-shaped.


Male Pygmy owls are generally smaller (16.5cm/6.5) than female Pygmy owls (18.5cm/7.3). Pygmy Owls are slightly bigger than Elf Owls.


Both Male and Female Pygmy Owls' wingspans are the same, with the length of 38cm (15).


The weight of a Male Pygmy Owl is 62g (2.2oz), while a Female Pygmy Owl's is 72g (2.6oz)


The average lifespan of a Pygmy Owl is 7 years.


A Pygmy Owl's hoot is very soft and light. It goes like hoot-hoot. The hoot sounds like a Flute's. The 'trill' of a Pygmy Owl's is very quick, and taking it in very short breaths, but then it resumes doing the normal hoot-hoot.


A Pygmy Owl's diet consists of small mammals, small to medium sized birds, reptiles, large insects and amphibians.


The habitat of a Pygmy Owl is usually found near edges of meadows, lakes, burns and other openings in the forest. They can be found in all kingdoms.

The species Glaucidium Gnoma is native to North and Central America. Glaucidium Brasilianum Pygmy Owls can be found from southern Texas and Southern Mexico, all the way to Panama.

In the series, Pygmy Owls can be found throughout all kingdoms. Silverveil is one of those places, as Primrose has been hatched there.


Pygmy Owl nests can be found in hollow cacti, but their nests can also be found in trees. Known tree types are Douglas Fir, Western Redcedar, Western Hemlock and Red Alder.


It is unknown which months Pygmy Owl breeding happens, but the female can lay 2-7 eggs, but usually 4-6.

The female incubates the eggs, broods the young and guards the nest, while the male defends the territory of 250 hectares (about 1 sq. mi.) and hunts, giving food deliveries every 2 hours. The male must feed the mate, the young, and himself. The male hunts dawn to dusk as the young near fledging, and during the first couple of weeks after they leave the nest.


Pygmy Owls are 'sit-and-wait' predators. They hunt actively. They move perch to perch with short flights, capturing their prey. They swoop down on prey, and may even catch insects in the process. They eat small mammals, small to medium sized birds, and they may take a variety of vertebrates and invertebrates.

Significant Pygmy Owls